Best Topics and Ideas for an Epidemiology Paper

Written by Brandon L.
July 27, 202315 min read

Epidemiology covers many areas including aging, applied public health, psychiatry, molecular and genetics, diabetes, aging, health systems, diseases, reproductive health, women's health, injury prevention, cancers, obesity, nutrition, population health, and environmental health, among others.

If you are tasked with writing an epidemiology research paper or essay, you can find the list of topics in this article interesting. We have researched extensively and will continue to improve and update the content so that we cover every aspect of epidemiology.

Aging Epidemiology

There are many topics to choose from that relate to the epidemiology of aging. You can select from the hoard of factors that affect adults aged 65 years and above. As a public health professional, medical practitioner, or nurse, when you are interested in the epidemiology of aging track, below are some topic ideas and suggestions.

  1. The use of technology to facilitate aging in place
  2. Multifactorial strategies to prevent falls in elderly homes
  3. Strategy to improve drug adherence in old age
  4. How to improve the quality of life of older people
  5. The link between old age and frailty
  6. End-of-life care for frail elderly patients
  7. Frailty in older adults
  8. Addressing obesity among aging patients
  9. Esophageal and gastric mobility issues in the elderly
  10. The link between aging and the risk of gastric mucosa injury
  11. Benefits of nutrition planning for elderly patients
  12. Functional dyspepsia in older adults
  13. Addressing H-Pylori infection in adults
  14. The use of gastrointestinal therapeutic endoscopy in screening and treating gastric issues in elderly patients
  15. Bariatric surgery in elderly patients
  16. Health promotion for elderly patients
  17. Benefits of physical activity for elderly patients
  18. The use of art and music therapy for elderly patients with depression
  19. Addressing epilepsy among elderly patients
  20. Nutritional issues that present with the aging gut
  21. Elective surgery for gastrointestinal tumors in the elderly
  22. How colorectal cancer affects the quality of life of the elderly
  23. Cancer incidence and prevalence among the elderly population in Australia
  24. Benefits of Creatine supplementation among the elderly for brain health
  25. Aerobic exercises to improve cognitive functioning for older people with cognitive impairment
  26. Factors associated with cognitive decline among the elderly
  27. Mild cognitive impairment in adults
  28. Complimentary Alternative Medicine for slowing aging and aging-associated conditions
  29. Nutritional plans to improve the cognitive functioning of elderly patients
  30. Microbiome and cognitive aging
  31. Changes in complexity in the neurobehavioral system and aging
  32. Cognitive exercises and cognitive functioning among the elderly
  33. Hearing loss among the elderly population
  34. Challenges and solutions for elderly adults with intellectual disability
  35. Aging and the health of the heart
  36. Aging and cardiovascular diseases
  37. Addressing polypharmacy among elderly patients with multiple chronic illnesses
  38. Autism and aging
  39. Impacts of Alzheimer's on cognitive functioning of the Elderly
  40. Geriatric cognitive disorders and Dementia in the aging population in the USA

Cancer Epidemiology

If you decide to write about the epidemiology of cancer, here are some ideas and topic suggestions you can consider.

  1. The link between race and colorectal cancer
  2. Role of Genetics and past smoking history in lung cancer
  3. Benefits of colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer
  4. Etiology of cancer
  5. The factors predicting the risk of meningioma following childhood cancer treatment
  6. The link between the risk of pancreatic cancer and polycystic ovary syndrome
  7. The link between UV radiation exposure and Melanoma in the USA
  8. Causes of deaths among cancer patients in the USA during the COVID-19 pandemic
  9. Effectiveness of Chemotherapy for breast cancer treatment
  10. The relationship between the risk factors with mortality among adults in the USA with new cancer diagnoses
  11. The link between exercise and physical activity and cancer management
  12. The mortality and morbidity rates of lung cancer in the USA
  13. Effectiveness of lung cancer screening among individuals with or without lung-related comorbidities in preventing lung cancer
  14. Incidences and impacts of T-cell lymphoma in a USA State
  15. The risk of cancer due to daily insulin dose among patients with type I diabetes
  16. Role of assisted reproductive technology in Risks of childhood cancers
  17. Impacts of access to insurance and the intentions and willingness to get cancer screening
  18. The association between cancer risk and drug and substance abuse
  19. Strategies to reduce alcohol consumption for cancer prevention
  20. Methods of coping with mental health issues for patients receiving treatment for rectal cancer
  21. The link between 'forever chemicals' and cancers
  22. Role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists in prostate cancer
  23. Cancer incidence among people with HIV in the USA
  24. Trends of cancer mortality among Black Americans from lower SES
  25. The use of marijuana among patients with advanced-level cancers
  26. Maternal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies complicated by a cancer diagnosis
  27. Risk of lung cancer among smokers for whom annual screening is not recommended
  28. Colorectal cancer among adults younger than 30 years in the USA
  29. Reasons for Underreporting of cancer deaths in the USA
  30. Bariatric surgery and the risk of mortality for obese patients with cancer
  31. Reasons for the Rise of Cancers in Africa
  32. Covid-19 and the increased rates of cancer screening
  33. Reasons for low cervical cancer survival rates in America in the past decade
  34. Risk of colorectal cancer associated with lifetime obesity
  35. Risk of cancer for individuals exposed to various radioactive materials
  36. Global burden of cutaneous melanoma
  37. Epidemiology of melanoma in the low- and middle-income countries
  38. Access to insurance for cancer patients in two developed nations
  39. Recurrence and mortality risk of Merkel cell carcinoma
  40. The link between human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations and incidences of carcinomas of the anus in the USA
  41. Incidences and etiology of skin cancer among the Aboriginal populations
  42. Melanoma mortality rates and trends among Black and white patients in the USA
  43. Polypharmacy and the Management of the older cancer patients
  44. Strategies to increase drug adherence among older cancer patients
  45. Polypharmacy in oncology patients
  46. Impacts of Polypharmacy on cancer survivors
  47. Risks of polypharmacy in elderly patients with cancer
  48. The link between polypharmacy with colorectal cancer survival among elderly patients
  49. Trends of metastatic prostate cancer among men aged 30-50 in the USA
  50. Importance and frequency of prostate cancer screening
  51. Economic and social impacts of Cancers in the USA
  52. The risk of cancers among veterans due to exposure to chemicals
  53. The link between the use of spironolactone and the risk of cancer
  54. HPV vaccinations and the risks of cervical cancers
  55. Risk of cancer and the immune-mediated diseases
  56. Contraceptive use and the risk of CNS tumors for offspring
  57. The link between cancer mortality and morbidity and smoking initiation and cessation across the life course
  58. The link between neoadjuvant chemotherapy administration and ovarian cancer among women
  59. The link between cancer diagnosis and depression
  60. Incidence of pancreatic cancer by Age and Sex in Mobile County
  61. The relationship between diet and the risk of cancer
  62. Predictors of second primary cancers in patients with neuroendocrine tumors
  63. Cervical cancer screening uptake among women without HPV vaccination
  64. Factors associated with the overall survival of patients with breast cancers
  65. Cancer Mortality and the radioactive iodine treatment modality
  66. Hyperthyroidism treatment with radioactive iodine and the risk of cancer
  67. Influence of Medicaid Expansion on cancer mortality
  68. The link between reduced mortality and inclusion of more black individuals in lung cancer screening
  69. Alcohol Consumption and gastrointestinal cancers in the USA
  70. The incidence of cancer among adults with thrombocytosis in the USA
  71. Mortality rates of metastatic prostate cancer in Canada
  72. Incidence and mortality rates of squamous cell carcinoma
  73. The link between brain cancer and dementia
  74. The link between Parkinson's disease and brain cancer
  75. Genetics and Genomics in Cancer

Cardiovascular and Diabetes Epidemiology

  1. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in type II diabetes
  2. Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease
  3. Trends in the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk management in type II diabetes
  4. The Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and associated factors among Type II diabetes patients in America
  5. Global disease burden of type II diabetes
  6. The prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes in the USA
  7. Pharmacoepidemiology in Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications
  8. Impacts of good use of oral antidiabetic drugs
  9. Role of Exercise and physical activity in Preventing CVD and Diabetes
  10. Factors exacerbating diabetes-related complications
  11. Global etiology and epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus
  12. Non-coronary complications of diabetes
  13. The mortality of diabetic patients during the Covid-19 pandemic
  14. Mortality and morbidity rates of diabetic retinopathy in pregnant women with diabetes
  15. The effectiveness of Aspirin in the prevention of preeclampsia among pregnant women with T2DM
  16. Impacts of self-management strategies for people with T2DM
  17. Benefits of screening for type 2 diabetes among adolescents and children
  18. Epidemiology and burden of diabetic foot ulcer and peripheral arterial disease in Ontario, Canada
  19. The Global epidemiology of diabetic foot Ulceration
  20. Impacts of multidisciplinary care teams in the Management of diabetic foot ulcers
  21. Knowledge and practice of diabetic foot care and the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers among Black Americans
  22. Nationwide Trends in the Epidemiology of diabetic foot ulcers in Australia
  23. The risk factors of developing diabetic foot ulcers incidence among diabetic patients in Melbourne, Australia
  24. Strategies for screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among adolescents
  25. The link between social risk domains with poor cardiovascular risk factor control in patients with diabetes
  26. Cardiovascular disease events in women vs. men with Type 1 diabetes
  27. Benefits of using Dapagliflozin alongside CVD medications in patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus
  28. Cost-effectiveness of the subcutaneous insulin Aspart in the management of mild diabetic ketoacidosis in children
  29. Race vs screening for diabetes
  30. The link between hyperglycemia and surgical complications among patients with T2DM
  31. Daily insulin dose and the risk of cancer among type 1 diabetes patients
  32. Benefits of bariatric surgery for patients with T2DM and who are obese
  33. Effectiveness of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight loss management in patients with type 2 diabetes
  34. The link between the genetic predisposition and physical activity with risk of gestational diabetes in nulliparous women
  35. Impacts of vascular aging on CVD
  36. Impacts of Aging and longevity genes in cardiovascular diseases
  37. The link between obesity and CVD
  38. Role of lifespan-regulating genes in age-related cardiovascular disease
  39. Role of Intermittent fasting on the Prognosis of cardiovascular disease
  40. Novel risk factors for CVD
  41. Role of novel biomarkers in the Prediction of the Risk for cardiovascular diseases
  42. Pre-term birth and CVD
  43. The link between preeclampsia and CVD

Again, the area of cardiovascular and diabetes epidemiology is wide. You can come up with topics linking management and treatment strategies to outcomes, predicting the prevalence, incidence, and mortality, and looking at some of the challenges that patients with CVD or diabetes face.

Chronic Disease (Life Course) Epidemiology

  1. Impacts of Aging on chronic diseases
  2. Benefits of chronic disease epidemiology
  3. Chronic diseases and disabilities among older people
  4. Benefits of life course epidemiology in predicting disease outcomes
  5. Spatial Lifecourse epidemiology
  6. Lifecourse epidemiology and social inequalities of health
  7. Access to insurance and mortality and morbidity rates of chronic diseases
  8. Climate Extremes and chronic diseases in Humans
  9. Prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  10. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
  11. Benefits of collaborative care in the Management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  12. Economic Impacts of chronic diseases in the USA
  13. Risk factors for chronic diseases
  14. Prevalence of stroke among elderly people in the USA
  15. Social isolation and the risk of heart disease and stroke
  16. Loneliness and coronary heart disease (CHD)
  17. Impacts of pediatric multiple sclerosis on cognitive functioning
  18. Epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  19. Progressive multiple sclerosis
  20. Immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis
  21. Multiple Sclerosis in children
  22. The link between multiple sclerosis and cancer
  23. Epidemiology of lupus
  24. Role of Nutrition in chronic disease
  25. Genetics and chronic disease
  26. Socioeconomic determinants of chronic diseases
  27. Genomics in the Epidemiology of the chronic Disease
  28. Epidemiology of Crohn's disease
  29. Quality of life of patients with Cushing's syndrome
  30. Socioenvironmental determinants of chronic diseases

Clinical Health Services Epidemiology

If you are interested in this area, you will be dealing with improving health outcomes through safe and effective clinical, healthcare, and preventive interventions. You should mainly look at the challenges that patients and healthcare teams face regarding access and quality of healthcare.

  1. The Access and scope of family planning services in Rural Australia
  2. Access to eye health services by the Aboriginal people in Australia
  3. Factors affecting the utilization of screening programs and services by people from lower social, economic class
  4. Health services use and costs in individuals with an autism spectrum disorder in the USA
  5. Access to healthcare by homeless veterans in America
  6. Benefits of community-led integrated HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for sex workers in New York
  7. Impacts of community-based mental health centers
  8. Pharmacoepidemiology
  9. Hospital epidemiology
  10. Gambling and accessing healthcare services among homeless people
  11. Are specialized headache units feasible?
  12. Barriers to access to quality healthcare among Black Americans and Muslim populations
  13. Impacts of student-run free clinics
  14. Impacts of Distance and the Use of mental health services in the USA
  15. Rates of the utilization of STI clinics during the covid-19 pandemic
  16. Benefits of offering sexual health services for university and college students
  17. Benefits of establishing advanced practice nursing in cancer care settings

Environmental Epidemiology

  1. Structural racism in environmental epidemiology
  2. Challenges Facing the Practice of environmental epidemiology in the US Military
  3. Technologies and Methods in environmental epidemiology
  4. Environmental epidemiology and risk assessment
  5. Role of environmental epidemiology in disaster management
  6. Environmental determinants of disease
  7. Impacts of algal blooms on human health
  8. Impacts of hazardous wastes on the environmental health
  9. Impacts of Lead on human health
  10. How heavy metals consumption affects human health
  11. Impacts of Microplastics on human health
  12. Air quality and the quality of health of newborn babies
  13. Effects of Second-hand smoking on pregnant women
  14. Air pollution and Tetralogy of the Fallot
  15. The use of herbicides and human health
  16. Effects of air pollution on the Risk of congenital defects
  17. Benefits of environmental risk assessment
  18. Impacts of forgotten bombs on Injuries for residents postwar
  19. Impacts of exposure to radiation materials
  20. How radioactive substances in water affect our health
  21. Causes of carbon monoxide poisoning
  22. Air pollution and hormonal imbalance in women
  23. The Use of sensors in environmental Epidemiology
  24. Examining the Role of epigenetics in environmental epidemiology
  25. Ethical Guidelines in practicing environmental epidemiology
  26. Impacts of air pollution on the brain
  27. Effects of nitric oxide on human skin
  28. Impacts of soil pollution on human health
  29. Lead poisoning and brain impairment
  30. The pregnancy exposome
  31. Impacts of Exposure to asbestos
  32. Consequences of carcinogenic substance release in our home settings
  33. Impacts of alcohol consumption on human health
  34. How smog affects humans
  35. Impacts of groundwater contamination on the Skin
  36. Chemical, physical, microbiological, and occupational exposures
  37. Causes of listeria infections
  38. Exposure to heavy metals and cancers
  39. Impacts of heatwaves on human health
  40. Forest fires and lung diseases
  41. Effects of Radon on human health
  42. How exposure to dioxin affects human health
  43. Benefits of mod inspection in houses
  44. Process of human health risk assessment
  45. Strategies for ecological risk assessment

Epidemiologic Principles and Methods (Ideas)

  1. Descriptive epidemiology
  2. Experimental epidemiology
  3. Analytical epidemiology
  4. Epidemic investigation process
  5. Disease ecology or natural history of the disease
  6. Endemic diseases vs. epidemic
  7. Outbreak vs. pandemic
  8. Population at risk
  9. Incidence vs. Prevalence in Epidemiology
  10. Attack rate vs. Incidence rate
  11. Morbidity and mortality
  12. Case fatality rate (CFR)
  13. Public health surveillance
  14. Passive vs. active surveillance
  15. Hypothesis
  16. Observational studies (ecologic, cohort, and case-control)
  17. Interventional studies in epidemiology (RCTs, community trials)
  18. Recall bias
  19. The Hawthorne effect
  20. Selection bias
  21. Observer bias
  22. Confounding
  23. Error: type 1 error and type II error
  24. Sensitivity vs. Specificity
  25. Screening vs. confirmatory tests
  26. Epidemic curve
  27. Case reports vs. case series
  28. Cross-sectional studies

Injury Prevention Epidemiology

If your interest area in epidemiology is injuries, you will need to combine knowledge from engineering, urban planning, sports, medicine, and other fields. Considering that injury and violence are a leading cause of death of young people not only in the US but the entire world, there are endless ideas you can choose for a topic.

  1. Traumatic brain injury in sports
  2. Fractures during bicycle crashes
  3. Adverse childhood experiences and trauma-informed care
  4. Engineering controls in preventing elderly adult falls
  5. The epidemiology of unintentional injury for children admitted to ICUs
  6. Epidemiology of violence-related injury mortality and morbidity among adolescents in the USA
  7. Causes of non-fatal and fatal unintentional injury in teens
  8. The link between unintentional childhood injuries and maternal emotional status
  9. Sociodemographic factors for intentional and unintentional injuries among adolescents
  10. Characteristics of unintentional injuries in the emergency department
  11. Determinants of unintentional injuries among adolescents
  12. Adolescent transport and unintentional injuries
  13. Prevalence of concussion among student-athletes in America
  14. Risk of subsequent injury after a concussion
  15. Predictors of clinical recovery from concussions
  16. Role of Telemedicine in addressing pediatric concussion
  17. Impacts of concussion knowledge and clinical experience among Coaches and athletic trainers
  18. Role of sleep quality and concussion symptom severity among Adolescents
  19. Strategies for rehabilitating concussion among collegiate athletes
  20. Concussion incidences among skaters
  21. The link between the use of hoverboards and concussion among adolescents
  22. Factors affecting rural acute care

Obesity and Nutrition Epidemiology

When planning to write a research paper, thesis, dissertation, white paper, or term paper, you can consider obesity and nutritional epidemiology as a prospective area. There is a lot of empirical and peer-reviewed research on obesity and nutritional issues.

  1. The link between obesity and cardiovascular diseases
  2. Prevalence and incidences of obesity in the USA
  3. Reasons for the rise in Obesity in Mexico
  4. Hematologic consequences of obesity
  5. Causes and consequences of childhood obesity
  6. How obesity affects the Quality of life
  7. Exploring obesity using the contagious social model
  8. Maternal obesity and pregnancy
  9. Phenotypes of obesity
  10. The link between obesity and diabetes
  11. Impacts of obesity in preeclampsia
  12. The economic and social impacts of obesity
  13. Impacts of Stigmatization of obese people in Society
  14. The link between obesity and inflammatory bowel disease
  15. Prevalence of pediatric obesity
  16. Using restricted feeding to prevent obesity
  17. Impacts of nutritional counseling on the incidence and Prevalence of obesity
  18. Impacts of lifestyle interventions in preventing obesity
  19. Obesity and asthma
  20. The link between obesity and chronic kidney disease
  21. Obesity and reproductive health
  22. Epidemiology and etiology of obesity, esophageal adenocarcinoma, and metabolic syndrome
  23. Pathophysiology of childhood obesity
  24. Genetic influences of obesity
  25. Addressing the obesity epidemic
  26. Is obesity an eating disorder?
  27. Obesity and regional anesthesia
  28. Psychological consequences of obesity
  29. Role of nurses and physicians in childhood obesity
  30. Adolescent obesity- causes, consequences, and treatment
  31. Understanding virally-induced obesity
  32. The link between obesity and infertility
  33. The link between diet, diabetes, and obesity
  34. Nutritional counseling for pregnant women


According to the BMJ, epidemiology studies how often diseases occur in different groups and why. The epidemiological findings help develop preventive, treatment, and management strategies for different groups of people. We have listed some potential topics and ideas you might need to consider when writing an epidemiology essay or research paper. You can integrate nursing theories and ideas by various theorists when writing your epidemiology paper.

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